SA Journal of Education, Volume 40, Supplement 1, April 2020

The development of a universal and cultural values scale for values education

Ebru Elçi, Hüseyin Uzunboylu


The aim of the study reported on here was to develop a universal and cultural values scale (UCVS) to measure the universal and cultural values to be incorporated in primary education. The items measured were derived from an item pool prepared with expert consultation. The study was conducted with 360 fifth-grade students who attended primary schools in Istanbul during the 2018–2019 academic year. The construct validity of the scale was determined with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The internal consistency obtained for the whole scale was reasonably strong (α = 0.81). The utility of the scale as a valid and reliable measure for use in determining elementary school students’ attitudes toward universal and cultural values is discussed.

ORCiD iDs of authors:
Ebru Elçi -
Hüseyin Uzunboylu -

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